Identifying different types of hair fall to facilitate better treatment

Types of hairfallIs the constant shedding of hair dreaded by you? Are you looking for solutions to avert your hair fall? Then getting right to the root of the problem is essential towards realizing the most effective hair fall treatment. Although this problem is a common scenario these days there different types of hair fall and we aim to equip our readers with just all the essential types, so they can identify the type and employ only the approaches that apply to them.

Understanding hair fall

Hair is actually a string of keratin cells that grow from a sac called hair follicle present on the surface of the scalp. These hair strands fall when they usually reach the end of the hair growth cycle. One hair growth cycle lasts for 2 to 3 years. During this cycle, some hair strands are in resting phase while some are in growing phase. At any given time it is seen that 90 % of the hair on the scalp is in a growing phase whereas 10 % is in the resting phase. The loss of hair is in the range of 100-200 strands per day is considered quite typical. But, when people experience more than average hair loss, then that is categorized as alopecia or clinical loss of hair. Sometimes anti-anxiety medications can also trigger hair loss. So one should be extra cautious about it.

Involutional alopecia

This is a type of hair loss causes overall thinning and loss of hair. In this type more hair strands go into the resting phase eventually falling off or becoming thinner or fragile. The onset of involutional alopecia occurs with age. This prevalence of this condition can be reduced by following proper hair care regimen.

Pattern baldness

This type of hair loss is associated with the genetic condition of an individual. Mostly inheriting from the mother or father, this hair loss affects men and women alike but is more prominent in men. Pattern baldness also known as androgenic alopecia, is characterized by a specific receding hairline on the scalp. It starts either from the vortex or temples of the scalp. The falling of hair is first initiated due to the increased levels of a hormone called DHT on the scalp. For some unknown reason the hair follicles are sensitive to this hormone and starts shrinking in size eventually closing up completely which prevents the growth of hair. And one effected follicle is studied to affect the neighboring follicle and hence the name pattern baldness. However, women experiencing female pattern baldness do not show any notable changes while thinning of the hair happens even in them. HIV affected individuals experiencing this problem should consult the doctor before consuming hair loss pill.

Marginal Alopecia

Resulting the shedding of hair in patches occurring in random spots on the scalp this type of hair fall occurs due to an autoimmune disease where a person’s own immune system turns against the hair mistaking it for a foreign element. It happens in adults as well as children. However, in some cases, it only occurs on a temporary basis and the growth cycle of the hair resume after a certain period.

Traction Alopecia

This type of hair loss is characterized by the breakage of hair due to constant pulling and strain on a certain area of the scalp. The papilla gets damaged as a result of certain hairstyles that are too tight and causes tension.

Telogen Effluvium

When the hair follicles are permanently pushed to the resting phase then that type of hair loss is called Telogen effluvium. The underlying condition for this could be constant stress or a medical illness. At times, it can also happen as a side effect of taking certain types of prescription or over the counter drugs. It usually starts within 2 to 3 months of commencing the drug treatment. For example, if an individual is taking tramadol for pain then there is a possibility for that person to suffer from hair fall at least for a certain period of time until the body gets used to the medicine